An excellently persevered theropod dorsal vertebra with a large spinous process attachment. The excellent preservation makes this vertebra stand head and shoulders above many fossil bones found in the Kem Kem formation. A very attractive chalky white tone coupled with condition elevates this vertebra bone from scientific esoteric interest to also a highly aesthetically pleasing fossil specimen for display. The whole is in a good preserved state. As mentioned above the processes are intact, along with the transverse processes, as are the facet of the superior articular processes. The body is in reasonable condition having sustained some damage in the fossil body and centrum area, see illustrations, this where matrix is still attached. The spinous process conserved, reattached post excavations. A lot of study material here.
Often Moroccan fossil diggers seal or cover over damaged or stressed bone finds with fixatives, or cosmetically coloured fillers. This can have a aesthetic negative result for any future collector or for scientific study, until at such time that these additives can be removed by a skilful technician. Cleaned back to the original bone surface. Thankfully this is usually possible in a professional laboratory using modern chemical restorers. Often the pasting over of what are assumed defects (palaeontologists, scientists and collectors find more interesting and appealing), becomes unappealing, often obvious, the fillers and additives creating more work. fortunately these field repairs can normally be undone and a good restoration and preservation can be carried out correctly.
This dinosaur vertebrae is from the same fossil horizon where Nizar Ibrahim made a significant Spinosaurid find, in a detective tale which unfolded in the southern part of Morocco. The bones which led to the eventual discovery of a partial skeleton Nizar finally identified in Italy and with the help of Paul Serrano from the museum of Chicago excavated on the slopes of the Red Beds Hamada in the western desert, the replica of that partial skeleton was composed of bones from various sources and went on display at the National Geographic Museum in Washington, D.C., The exhibition of Spinosaurus, Lost Giant of the Cretaceous Period in April 2015. This current exhibit was discovered in Morocco between 2013 to 2014 made its way to a European source and was secured by our fossil team.