An exquisite Spinosaurus aegyptiacus toe claw with two associated phalanges and claw. Both the toe phalanges and claw have been professionally excavated in 'De Ksar-es-Souk' whilst conserved in-house. Displaying typical fossilisation traits, however, more aesthetically preserved than most from the famous Kem Kem deposits in Morocco, North Africa.
Spinosaurus aegyptiacus toe claw 238mm and phalanges discovered in association in the fossil deposits situated at the Tegana formation, Kem Kem, southeastern Morocco. Now the arid landscape of the western Sahara desert, formerly a vegetation rich swam region of the warm Cretaceous. An exceedingly rare and Important Spinosaur phalanx and toe claw cleaned, prepared and conserved for scientific study, display or museum exhibit.
The white fossilised bone tissue remarkably striking and attractive. Professionally air abraded using the latest compressed air systemised precision tools in the UK laboratory. Removing any filler, consolidates, cyanoacrylate adhesives, and other prior repairs carried out in the field. Excavators use certain methods to strengthen and reinforce all varieties of fossil dinosaur bones to aid the fragile bones removal and transportation to the laboratories of Europe. The fine dinosaur fossil now conserved enabling a clear view of the claw, the distal and proximal phalanxes, displaying a well-preserved morphology of bone tissues, particularly the blood vessels anteriorly revealed. Discovering fossils of this quality is a very rare occurrence and a very exacting time lengthy process, which requires good local knowledge of the terrain of the desert and considerable technical skill when excavating if not carried out in a proper fashion fossil can be often badly damaged or completely destroyed.
We now know so much more about Spinosaurus, it had a semi-aquatic lifestyle seeking out large shark type Pristis sawfish, the sawfish had many razor piercing rostral teeth, set in long rostrums. These rostrums were similar to modern-day narrow snout sawfish. Spinosaurus at over 50 feet long would hunt Pristis shark-like fish, which grew to over 20 feet long. The fish-eating dinosaur would bite down while using its tremendously powerful feet and hand claws to grapple, slash and rip the fish apart.
Collected in the continental red fossil formation, Continental intercalaire, at Tegana formation, the province of de Kasr-es-Souk, Kem Kem, the fossil beds are situated in the Moroccan western desert, this area is the northern Sahara of Africa. The Hamada, a raised plateau, is a distinct topographical feature of this region. Here recently the localised political situation has changed, the fossil beds have become overworked, re-worked and the fear is they will become extinguished. Coupled with political and military unrest in the region makes collecting extremely fraught. Less material of a high standard of preservation is being discovered. The Military of both states are active in the region, which is in dispute politically and areas of once accessible Sahara are now impassable. Along with their once productive fossil beds. Older tailings are being re-excavated in the hope better material will be found. These processes are currently making the best fossils more desirable and more valuable.
An extraordinarily rare dating over 89,000,000 years, not only is this a beautiful example, this specimen belongs to one of the top predators from the Cretaceous period, the Spinosaurus dinosaur.
Genus: Spinosaurus Aegyptiacus sp.
Origin: Tegana formation, province 'De Ksar-es-Souk', Kem Kem deposits, Morocco, North Africa.
Age: Mesozoic era, Cretaceous, 100 - 89 million years.
Overall length: 23.8 cm
Claw length: 9 cm
Distal phalanx length: 7 cm
Proximal phalanx length: 10 cm
Approximate weight: 0,146 g