Prehistoric neolithic (new stone age), hand axe of fine manufacture by an ancient hand, the polished neolithic flint chert is a very attractively coloured stone of soft pinks. The stone having been flaked to form the comfortable hand tool. This has a finely honed and polished distal cutting edge. The hand axe is in an excellent state of preservation, complete, unbroken, a very beautiful stone age artefact of a typical African Neolithic stone age work from the region of the ténéré (Southern Sahara) desert, this hand axe was collected along the Touareg Mali and Niger ténéré old routes and encampments.
The Neolithic New Stone Age is defined by Neanderthals developing agriculture into their way of life, the lifestyle of the nomadic hunter-gatherer era was coming to an end. This occurred before 40,000 BCE which approximately marks the extinction of Neanderthals, the progressive advancements in farming, possibly in Britain was the first time livestock crossed the dry land-lock, which today is the Channel and on arriving in England influenced a more domestic lifestyle. The Neolithic age was the progression of behavioural and cultural characteristics, including the use of wild and domestic crops and animals, in this process, the technical skills of stone tools leapt forward.
In the United Kingdom, men are descended of early farmers who migrated across Europe from the Near East around 10,000 years ago. Ancient farmers left their genetic mark on modern times by breeding more successfully than indigenous hunter-gatherers as they migrated into the West. Living in the Fertile Crescent, this is the crescent-shaped geological area stretching from Egypt to the Persian Gulf, East of the Mediterranean Sea, where the land was more fertile and crops were more successfully grown.