Hematite Hand Axe 125mm in length fashioned from the mineral which is a primary ore of iron, also spelt haematite, a mineral form of iron oxide (Fe2O3). This classically formed hand axe is exceedingly rare and is a historically important artefact collected from Western Sahara in the late 1980s. The axe competently crafted using an attractive piece of hematite by a neanderthal from the neolithic era many thousands of years ago. We cannot stress enough how extremely uncommon this particular artefact is, is absolutely beautiful to hold and admire. We think this axe would have once been a prized possession and quite possibly may have been used ritualistically in ancient ceremonies. Equally, It may have been used as weapon axe and hafted.
The axe exhibiting a fineness and honed quality. Our ancestors probably prized Hematite as they similarly prised irons and meteorites, recognising these materials to be more scarce than the multitude of other sedimentary rocks strewn throughout Africa. Colour tones are consistent with an attractive palate of dark mauve to dark iron purples and shimmers of steel to black. The name hematite derives from the Greek word 'Haimo', which translates to English as 'blood' relating to its colour. A smooth surface, from the maker and continuos handling with partial wear over ancient chipping to the cutting edge, whether by the owner or the thousands of year buried in the earth.
An extremely rare hand axe with a superb palate. Perhaps the maker was captivated as much as we are today by the minerals iron folding patterns and colour. These found artefacts and tools found in the northern desert are often affected by the erosion of winds, sand and underground water, this gives the artefacts found in these regions a finish condition termed a desert varnish.
Type: Hematite hand axe.
Age: Neolithic era, Capsian tradition, approximately 10,200 to 8800 BCE. (Eurasia).
Origin: Unclassified desert site, Northern Sahara Desert, Morocco, North Africa.
Hand axe measurements.
Length: 12.5 cm
Width: 6.5 cm
Depth: 4 cm
Approximate weight: 938 g