Dinosaurian toe claw of bulky proportions discovered in the dinosaur layers of the Hamada of the Kem Kem formation. The toe claw certainly of reptilian bipedal attributes, as yet an unidentified toe claw. We can say this appears to be a theropod dinosaur toe claw, the proximal underside of the toe having the indentations of muscle tissue points, which correspond with a theropod dinosaur anatomy.
Archetypical deep iron red staining to the bone tissue, eviscerated surface exhibits tissue pores and blood vessel channels, the whole chunky sized claw quite heavy for size and stable in the hand, having a cleve to the upper medial portion which has been reseated by time in the fossil bed (infilled with matrix). The area of bone does not appear to have lifted completely off the main body of the upper bone toe, this appears to be a fracture line which has infilled. In need of more research to completely identify the lineage of this toe claw.
Possibly Spinosaurid; The only recorded Spinosaurus aegyptiacus up to the last decade of the 20th century, a partial skeleton, partial jaw and large ribs of the sail back was discovered by the palaeontologist Ernest Stromer circa 1915. One of the most ferocious theropod dinosaur to have roamed the lagoons and waterways of what is now the northern Sahara desert of North Africa. One other dinosaur could dispute Spinosaurus for top predator at up to 59 feet in length and 21 tonnes. That is the Carcharodontosaurus, up to 44 feet in length and 15 tonnes which also ranged the Cretaceous of N.Africa. Spinosaurus being a semi-aquatic dinosaur, it is theorised the two apex carnivore dinosaurs were not in conflict over territory or prey too often. Spinosaurus having mainly a marine diet of sharks and large fish and no doubt the occasional other theropod dinosaurs, we would like to think.
There are many influences which play a role in the outcome and extraction processes when considering the value of these Dinosaur fossils and the diminishing resource, in this region of the world, of this unique site. A complete undamaged dinosaur fossil is limited in occurrence, it requires a lot of collecting time in the field to acquire such a fine example. The prestigious Spinosaurus fossils are rarer. These sites will too become exhausted, coupled with political and military unrest in the region making collecting more haphazard.
The only recorded Spinosaurus aegyptiacus partial skeleton up to the last decade of the 20th century, a partial jaw and large ribs of the sail back was discovered by the palaeontologist Ernest Stromer circa 1915. These were later lost in 1944 during a bombing raid on Germany during WWII which levelled the Munich Museum, then housing the most famous and remarkable find of Stromer's career. Much later discovery of Spinosaurus bones in the Kem kem deposits has been described by Dale Russell in 1996, as Spinosaurus maroccanus, although to date this is not fully accredited by the whole paleontological community. Another 40% complete skeleton was reconstructed at the museum of Chicago by Paul serene and his team. This is the most complete discovery of a Spinosaur sp. skeleton made from pieces of three different animals skeletal bones. The bones were dug by Moroccan fossil diggers in the Kem Kem region and found there a way to Europe, once recognised and the importance realised they were used to build the almost half complete Spinosaur for the museum of Chicago in modern materials before the original bones returned to the Moroccan museum services.