A large dinosaur vertebra, an unattributed genus from the renowned red beds of the Tegana formation, Kem Kem hamada, near Taouz, the western Sahara. Having process attachments consistent with the anatomical structure of a heavily built adult dinosaur. While it is cautionary to specify with assurety the genus type of multiple vertebrae bones found from this location, the shape, large size and anatomical features of this vertebra leads us to provisionally attribute the identification to an adult. The body of the vertebrae is in a good state of preservation, making an excellent study specimen with processes are in place. The vertebrae have similarities to Ernest Stromer's illustrations from the early Egyptian excavations. Overall an attractive fossil specimen vertebra bone.
Having pleasing mellow tones of light beige colouration typical of the Kem Kem formation. The colour is derived from the localised minerals in the depositional mud or silts of the fossil bed when any skeleton is deposited, petrified and eventually fossilised these minerals denote the outcome of the colouration of the skeleton or teeth, claws and bones. The condition of this vertebra is stable, however, any fossil bones should be handled with care after eons in the ground. The process attachments are clearly visible, the centrum is in a very good state of conservation again exhibiting fine tones and surface tissue morphology. The stable condition is the rarity and large size making this a unique vertebra a very good collection piece.
Often Moroccan fossil diggers seal or cover over damaged or stressed bone finds with fixatives or cosmetically coloured fillers. This can have an aesthetic negative result for any future collector or for scientific study, until at such time that these additives can be removed by a skilful technician. Cleaned back to the original bone surface. Thankfully this is usually possible in a professional laboratory using modern chemical restorers. Often the pasting over of what is assumed defects (palaeontologists, scientists and collectors find more interesting and appealing), becomes unappealing, often obvious, the fillers and additives creating more work. fortunately, these field repairs can normally be undone and a good restoration and preservation can be carried out correctly.
This dinosaur vertebra is from the same fossil horizon where Nizar Ibrahim made a significant Spinosaurid find, in a detective tale which unfolded in the southern part of Morocco. The bones which led to the eventual discovery of a partial skeleton Nizar finally identified in Italy and with the help of Paul Serrano from the museum of Chicago excavated on the slopes of the Red Beds Hamada in the western desert, the replica of that partial skeleton was composed of bones from various sources and went on display at the National Geographic Museum in Washington, D.C., The exhibition of Spinosaurus, Lost Giant of the Cretaceous Period in April 2015. This current exhibit was discovered in Morocco between 2013 to 2014 made its way to a European source and was secured by our fossil team.
Genus: Dinosauria (Richard Owen 1842).
Age: Mesozoic era, Cretaceous period, Albian to lower Cenomanian stages 112 to 97 million years ago.
Origin: Tegana formation, Kem Kem, Northern Sahara, Morocco, North Africa.
Width: 17.5 cm
Height: 14.0 cm
Depth: 11.0 cm
Height: 26.0 cm
Width: 17.5 cm
Depth: 13.0 cm
Approximate weight: 1,500 g